Under the Iguassu Falls the Iguaçu National Park is a nature reserve run by the Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation (ICMBio), the federal agency responsible for management of protected areas in Brazil. Created in 1939 by Decree No. 1035, the Program is the largest remaining area of Atlantic forest (without seasonal deciduous) from southern Brazil.
The site houses and protects a rich biodiversity, consisting of representative species of Brazilian fauna and flora, some threatened with extinction, such as jaguar, puma, broad-snouted caiman, parrot-breasted-purple, harpy eagle , mahogany pink, araticum, Araucaria, and many other species of great value and scientific interest. The Iguaçu is an example of integration between conservation and sustainable use of natural resources.
In 1986, UNESCO declared the Iguaçu National Park the as Brazil’s first Conservation Unit to be established as a World Natural Heritage Site. And it is not for less, apart from the Iguaçu Falls, a unique beauty, the Iguaçu National Park has over 600 hectares of protected areas and other 400 000 in even primitive forests , protection from liability and joint actions between Brazil and Argentina in preservation efforts.
ICMBio – Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation
Phone: +55 45 3521 -8383